4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (2022)

Are you wondering what foxes eat? They have a diverse diet. They are excellent hunters catching and killing smaller animals that are below them in the food chain. Their prey includes rabbits, small birds, frogs, and rodents, among other small animals.

For this reason, you might assume they are carnivores, but the truth is that they are omnivorous. They feed on berries, fruits, and vegetables. For urban foxes, they tend to scavenge for leftover food in the dustbin.

Table of Contents

  • Foxes Habits and Biology
  • Do Foxes Eat Dirt?
  • What Do Foxes Like To Eat Most? (Fox diet)
  • Food to Avoid Feeding Foxes
  • Tips to Feed Foxes
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
  • Summary

Foxes Habits and Biology

Foxes live in diverse habitats, including mountains, grassland, forests, deserts, and the human environment, such as suburban areas and farms. Their resourcefulness has made them be recognized as the most cunning and intelligent animals in the juggle. Like cats, their thick tails help with balance, warm cover, and communication with other foxes.

How do animals know they are stepping into their enemies’ territory? Every animal has a distinctive manner in which they mark their habitat or home. For foxes, they mark their territory using their urine, faeces and scent. Scent can also be used during the breeding season to mark their reproductive status. How big is the foxes’ habitat? Their territory ranges between 2kms to 5kms. Their population density and food availability influence their habitat size. In some areas, there are more foxes than others, and in such a case, they will have a significant habitat compared to places they are few.

While foxes are omnivores, they are solitary hunters catching smaller animals like rodents and rabbits. They also eat fruits, vegetables and those living near the human environment scavenge for leftovers in the dustbins. They hide in their habitat during the day, which is usually a hole underground or a hole at a big tree. At nightfall, they leap out to go hunting and patrol their territory. They are generally described as opportunistic predators and scavengers.

In a day, they eat about 300g to 450g a diet comprising small prey such as birds, rabbits, and mice. Though they are omnivores, they only eat fruits and ground nuts when there is food scarcity. However, when food is abundant, they will hunt excess and bury them for seasons like winter when the food is scarce.

In early spring and during winter, foxes meet to mate. The gestation period usually lasts 51 to 53 days, and 2 to 12 cubs are born. Winning takes about four to six weeks. During this period, both parents take care of their young one before they can start hunting independently at the beginning of the fall when they are between 10 and 12 weeks. By the time they reach six months, they are independent. In one year, both males and female reach their sexual maturity, and they start to disintegrate from the family and move to a new environment to establish their own

Their population is primarily managed by various diseases such as parvovirus and distemper, predators higher in the food chain like the leopards and humans. Also, during food scarcity, foxes can feed on young and week foxes, thus reducing their population.

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Do Foxes Eat Dirt?

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (1)

Foxes are known to have a broad diet ranging from meat to fruits and nuts. They are also known to hunt excess food when abundant and bury it for when there is scarcity.

Such meat will get dirt from the soil, but foxes will still eat. They dig up the earthworms and groundnuts, which are generally covered in dirt, and eat them.

More so, city foxes and those living close to humans scavenge for food in the dustbin, packed with other dirt.

What Do Foxes Like To Eat Most? (Fox diet)

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (2)

1. Meat protein diet

Foxes’ diet is primarily made of meatproteins. They like cooked or raw meat. Though they are omnivores, they like hunting small animals like rabbits, rodents, and birds.

They hunt from evening through the night. For those living near the city or human habitats, if you want to feed them, you can give them cooked meat, and they will keep visiting your home.

2. Canned pet food

They also love tinned pet food like Pedigree chopped ground dinner wet dog food. These are dog food. If you have a dog, you can choose to share them with foxes visiting your home. You can also order specifically to feed the foxes.

3. Fruit and vegetables for foxes

Do foxes love fruits and vegetables? Foxes love vegetables like frozen vegetables, cherry tomatoes, and they would eat them all through the day. Several teaspoons of vegetables daily would do the trick for young foxes and large spoons of vegetables for bigger foxes.

How do I know if I am feeding a lot of vegetables to a fox? Observe their stool, and if you notice to compose a lot of vegetable matter, there higher chances you are feeding it a lot of veggies, and it is necessary to reduce them.

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Similarly, fruits like cherries and berries should not be provided as the main diet but rather as a treat.

4. Foxes love taurine

Taurine is a form of vitamin supplement necessary for fox’s health. It can be found in dog foods. If it is not part of the ingredients from the tin in which you are feeding your fox’s you can purchase taurine capsules.

For young foxes, about 500g daily is enough supplements, but adults might require more. However, this is not a requirement as they get vitamins from non-grain foods and small animals like mice, rodents, and insects.

Food to Avoid Feeding Foxes

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (3)

Before diving into the specific type of food that you should avoid feeding your fox, any food that can hurt a dog or a cat is poisonous to your fox.

1. Avoid feeding grains to foxes

While foxes are known as wild scavengers, they do not eat grains in the wild. Therefore, under no circumstances should you feed them with a diet comprising grains like oats, rice or wheat.

2. Fruits like grapes and raisins

These fruits are known to cause vomiting, kidney problems, and hypercalcemia in dogs and foxes. Since they are lethal to foxes, they should not be anywhere close to their diet.

3. Avoid feeding foxes’ with pepper, tomatoes or green eggplant

These types of fruits are known to contain toxins called glycoalkaloids. Even the leaves and stems of these plants should be avoided.

While after the fruits ripen, the toxins are said to leave the plant and are safe for animal consumption, the fruits still retain their toxins level, making them not suitable for foxes’ consumption.

However, tomatoes can be fed but at a controlled level to prevent toxins buildup.

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4. Avoid feeding green potatoes.

Green potatoes contain several toxins that are harmful to foxes. As such, care should be taken when storing potatoes to avoid being exposed to sunlight.

The potatoes should instead be stored in a light-proof sack. Any sprouting or green potatoes should not be part of the foxes’ diet as not even cooking can destroy the toxins.

5. Coffee and chocolate

When foxes are thirsty, let them take plain water and nothing else. Coffee, for instance, contains about 150mg of caffeine which is enough lethal doses to a fox.

Similarly, chocolate contains theobromine, a compound that is poisonous to many animals, including foxes.

Tips to Feed Foxes

Feeding wild animals is one way of getting closer to nature. Besides, when foxes are on the verge of becoming extinct due to numerous predators, including themselves, feeding can help them thrive.

Would you like to feed some foxes in your neighborhood, but you do not know how? The best way to feed foxes in your backyard is to try and give them the same diet they are used to in the forest.

A wild animal will always be wild, and no matter how much their diet might seem unsuitable, it is essential to maintain its neutrality as much as possible.

Feeding them with raw or cooked meat is excellent, and other canned pet foods and unsalted peanuts, fruits, and cheese. Below are some feeding tips:

  • Establish a feeding program that encourages foxes to visit your home at a specific time by leaving some food out in the garden or backyard. The fox will get used to the program when they visit any other time, and they find nothing.
  • Leave a bowl of water near the food.
  • Leave enough food but not too much to become lazy to search for its food and become dependent on you.
  • Feed them during seasons when their food is scarce in the wilderness, like during winter.
  • Regularly clean your feeding utensils to avoid contamination and the spread of diseases.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (4)

1. Can foxes climb fences?

Yes, foxes have claws that enable them to climb up a fence of up to six feet high

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2. Can foxes jump up a fence?

Yes, foxes have the potential of jumping off a fence which is three meters high

3. Can foxes be pets?

No, despite their deceiving friendly appearances, do not make them your pet as wild animal will always be wild.

4. Can foxes swim?

Yes, foxes are like cats and can swim pretty well, and they truly do swim

5. Can foxes climb trees?

Yes, Foxes can climb up trees and especially the grey species

6. Can foxes eat chocolate?

No. Chocolate is poisonous to a fox and any animal of Canidae family.

7. Can foxes eat raw chicken?

Yes, foxes can eat chicken raw or cooked their primary diet is meat

8. Can foxes eat chicken bones?

Yes, foxes eat a wide variety of diet and can therefore eat chicken bone without any problem

9. Will foxes attack humans?

No, foxes are not a threat tohuman as they are higher in the food chain

10. Will foxes attack cats?

No, foxes belong to the same family as cats and therefore pose little or no threat to them

Summary

While foxes are omnivorous, you would expect them to eat fruit and vegetable only. However, they have a diverse diet which includes meat hunted at night and down.

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Meat is their primary food diet, and they only eat vegetables when there is scarcity. As such, there is a wide range of food that you can feed foxes, but some are poisonous and should be avoided. However, do not try to tame a fox as a wild animal will remain to be wild.

FAQs

What do foxes eat for their diet? ›

Foxes have a really diverse diet. They are expert hunters, catching rabbits, rodents, birds, frogs and earthworms as well as eating carrion. But they aren't carnivorous - they are actually omnivores as they dine on berries and fruit too.

What do foxes eat in a day? ›

Nonetheless, it is generally considered that a fox needs to eat roughly 500 grams (just over one pound) of food per day.

What is the main diet of a red fox? ›

Red foxes prefer rodents and rabbits, but they will also eat birds, amphibians, and fruit. Red foxes will also steal food from garbage cans or farms. Their ability to find food, even during the winter, is one reason why red foxes have a reputation for being cunning and smart.

What do foxes eat in the city? ›

Urban foxes still hunt live prey on the streets of our towns and cities, including rodents and pigeons, but the majority of their diet comes from food discarded by humans. Food is plentiful for foxes in urban settings as households, shops and restaurants all provide a source of food waste which can become their meals.

What is a fox's favorite food? ›

Plants. Red foxes eat a lot of plants including grasses, acorns, tubers, grains, and even fungi. Although Red foxes enjoy vegetation, in the autumn, they prefer to eat fruits. Cherry, persimmon, mulberry (blueberry), grape, plum, apple, and raspberry are some of their favorites.

Does fox eat fish? ›

In the wild, foxes will eat a wide variety of foods, although their diet is primarily meat-based. Generally, they will hunt animals when available but will settle for plants when they can't catch meat. In particular, they enjoy high protein, fatty foods like fish, eggs, and birds.

Do foxes eat rice? ›

Foxes do not eat grains in the wild; therefore, you should avoid feeding things like wheat, rice, oats, and other grain matter in their food. Since foxes instead eat small prey such as mice and birds that eat grains, this is how they get some of the carbohydrates they need.

Can a fox eat eggs? ›

Foxes. Foxes generally carry eggs away from nests. They may then eat them or they will cache (bury) them for consumption later. The whole egg is taken in the mouth, crushed and the contents eaten.

Do foxes eat ants? ›

Foxes love to eat meat, and their favourite food is protein-based items. Foxes will hunt and love to feed on small rodents, birds, and insects. Foxes love to consume insects as well, and insects make up a large portion of a fox's diet.

What fruit do foxes eat? ›

Foxes will eat both wild and cultivated fruits (in some instances vegetables and crops, such as corn and barley, too) and those most commonly consumed include blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, cherries, persimmons, mulberries, apples, plums, grapes, dates, figs and even acorns.

Do fox eat apples? ›

Foxes like fruit and will eat most seasonal fruit, they seem to be especially fond of apples.

How much does a fox eat? ›

Diet: As an omnivore the fox eats invertebrates, fruits and vegetation, small birds and mammals. It eats between 1 and 2 lbs. each day.

Do fox eat snakes? ›

They are omnivores and eat almost anything they can find. This includes smaller animals such as rodents, rabbits, lizards, snakes, and amphibians. It also includes plant matter such as berries, nuts and seeds. With such a broad diet red foxes are sure to find something to eat in almost any environment.

Do foxes eat chocolate? ›

They can't digest it. It can make them very sick and even kill them (though if you have been feeding chocolate to foxes, don't feel guilty.

Will a fox eat a dead fox? ›

We know that foxes will kill other foxes and on rare occasions they may even eat the bodies, although this tends to happen only when conditions are very harsh. Fights are relatively common among foxes, but fights to the death are rare.

What are 3 interesting facts about foxes? ›

Read on for 10 facts about foxes that just may surprise you:
  • Foxes are great night-time predators. ...
  • Foxes are considered to be solitary animals. ...
  • Foxes can make over 40 different sounds. ...
  • Foxes make use of the earth's magnetic field to hunt. ...
  • People used to fear foxes but they are actually considered friendly animals.
23 Jun 2021

Do fox eat tomatoes? ›

Foxes love vegetables like frozen vegetables, cherry tomatoes, and they would eat them all through the day.

Do foxes like spicy food? ›

They favour strong smelling or super sweet foods like fish, chicken, meant, and vegetables. There are a lot of DIY ways to repel foxes from your garden through just smell alone, this just shows how strong there sense of smell really is. They hate the following, Garlic, Chilli Peppers and Capsaicin.

Can fox eat cats? ›

Do foxes eat or attack cats, dogs or other pets? A typical adult cat is almost the same size as a fox and has a well-deserved reputation for self-defense, so foxes are generally uninterested in taking on cats. Kittens and very small (less than five pounds) adult cats, however, could be prey for a fox.

Do foxes eat bones? ›

Foxes will eat a wide range of foods. They are carnivores so like cooked or fresh meat and can cope with chicken bones without problem.

Can fox eat bananas? ›

They are Obligate carnivores. They eat MEAT, not bananas.

Can foxes eat cake? ›

Allow access to a food store, a fox will eat cake, poultry pellets, milk powder or fish meal. Fruit is also eaten; gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries and anything else that takes their fancy.

Can foxes eat pork? ›

Keep in mind, that while pet red foxes do best with raw meat, some meats should be avoided. Meats such as beef and pork are more likely to cause gout in foxes.

Do foxes eat potatoes? ›

The RSPCA “living with foxes” leaflet advises people that “cheese, boiled potatoes, raw chicken pieces, bread and table scraps” are suitable foods to put out to “help foxes living in the area”.

Can foxes eat fruit? ›

They have very varied diet, Urban foxes eat earthworms, insects, fruit and vegetables and a wide variety of both domestic wild birds and mammals.

Can you feed foxes dog biscuits? ›

Foxes eat a very varied diet in the wild; from earthworms, insects, fruits, wild birds, and small mammals. However, the urban fox is pretty happy to eat most things from tinned cat and dog food, dry complete dog biscuits, and any cooked vegetables or table scraps.

Do fox eat plants? ›

In general, foxes are omnivores, meaning, they can eat virtually anything that is good for food. However, the main reason why they dig up plants and vegetables is not that they want to eat them, but to reach the worms beneath them.

Do foxes eat lemons? ›

Foxes, on the other hand, do eat lemons - and apples and peaches and many other fruits too.

Do foxes bark? ›

Foxes also commonly bark, which is generally used as another type of contact call to reach out to friends or rivals, Harris said. The bark sounds similar to that of a dog, except slightly higher pitched and sometimes shrill.

Do foxes eat carrots? ›

In order to mimic their natural diet the foxes eat a raw diet. They get a variety of meats like quail, turkey, duck, rabbit, and other game animals she may have eaten in the wild. I mix this with some yummy veggies like green beans, carrots or peas. Then apples, sweet potatoes, peaches, or raspberries.

Do foxes eat sweet corn? ›

As MJ says, fox will eat not just sweetcorn, all sorts, including raspberries.

Do foxes eat mice? ›

"Foxes are well known for preying on rats and mice and other rodents as well as taking slugs too," said Rescue Co-ordinator Trevor Weeks from WRAS, "I am amazed at the short sightedness of people when it comes to issues like pests.

Can foxes eat hot dogs? ›

Foxes are omnivores, which means they'll eat about anything.

Do foxes eat chickens? ›

Foxes will attack chickens in all hours of the day. They will hunt them during the day and at night. They are fast and sneaky, and it can be hard to identify a fox attack. Sometimes the chickens will simply disappear without a trace.

Do foxes eat rabbits? ›

In the colder winter months, foxes are in full predator mode. Their main sources of food during this time are small animals, including rabbits, rodents, birds, and anything else they manage to kill. In autumn, foxes will feed on more plants, including berries, apples, acorns, tubers, and whatever else they can find.

What plants do foxes eat? ›

As mentioned above, foxes are omnivorous. This means they can eat a large variety of different foods including different types of wild grasses, mushrooms, berries, fruit, and grain. In terms of fruit, foxes seem to enjoy eating wild apples and blueberries in particular.

Do foxes play with their food? ›

Playing with your food. Once the prey has been caught, the fox will sometimes 'play' with the animal before either eating it or letting it go.

Why do foxes laugh? ›

Gogoleva and Lyudmila hypothesize that the tame foxes make the “ha ha” sound to attract human attention and prolong interaction with people.

Do foxes eat birds? ›

These animals are omnivores, so foxes eat anything from berries to small birds. They are opportunistic predators and scavengers. Food scraps, fallen fruit, and unsecured garbage cans may attract these wildlife pests.

Do foxes eat turtles? ›

Foxes and Other Canines

Members of the canine family, especially foxes and coyotes, but occasionally wolves and domestic dogs, will opportunistically feed on turtle hatchlings and eggs. Foxes are adapted and well-known for sniffing out and digging up buried prey, including turtle nests.

Can foxes eat rotten meat? ›

Eating rotten meat exposes foxes to a high dose of different pathogens which in theory should mean the fox frequently becomes ill. However, over time, the regular exposure to off meat and other foods has contributed to the red fox developing a more sophisticated immune system.

Is onion poisonous to foxes? ›

Onion, garlic, and chives should also be avoided, as they belong to the genus Allium which can create a toxic reaction for your pet fox. Why is this so? They include a sulfur compound called disulfide that if eaten in large quantities can damage red blood cells. Dehydrated foods and meats should be avoided.

Can foxes eat popcorn? ›

Bovril (high in salt, so small amounts only) Unsalted and unsweetened popcorn. Unsalted and unsweetened porridge. Tuna or salmon (fish can cause disease in foxes if it makes up more than 10% of diet)

What do foxes hunt at night? ›

Foxes come out at night primarily to hunt for food and their most common prey are field voles, feral pigeons and small birds. However, foxes have a varied diet and will eat virtually any insect, animal or bird small enough for them to catch and kill.

Do foxes bury their poop? ›

Foxes mark their territory with urine and faeces. They often leave droppings in visible places, for example on grass mounds or on the road curb. Even rubbish or places where foxes have found food are often marked with droppings. Con-trary to cats, foxes do not bury their faeces.

What does fox poo look like? ›

Foxes. Foxes produce dog-like droppings that are usually pointy at one end and full of fur, feathers, tiny bones, seeds and berries. In rural areas, fox poo is quite dark, but in urban areas, where foxes eat human food waste, it can be lighter. Fresh droppings have a distinctively musky or 'foxy' smell.

Will a fox eat a cat? ›

Do foxes eat or attack cats, dogs or other pets? A typical adult cat is almost the same size as a fox and has a well-deserved reputation for self-defense, so foxes are generally uninterested in taking on cats. Kittens and very small (less than five pounds) adult cats, however, could be prey for a fox.

What foods are poisonous to foxes? ›

Several food items that are poisonous to cats and dogs are also poisonous to foxes.
...
Table of Contents
  • Grains.
  • Grapes or Raisins.
  • Tomatoes, Peppers, or Green Eggplant.
  • Chocolate and Coffee.
2 Jun 2022

What are 3 interesting facts about foxes? ›

Read on for 10 facts about foxes that just may surprise you:
  • Foxes are great night-time predators. ...
  • Foxes are considered to be solitary animals. ...
  • Foxes can make over 40 different sounds. ...
  • Foxes make use of the earth's magnetic field to hunt. ...
  • People used to fear foxes but they are actually considered friendly animals.
23 Jun 2021

Do foxes eat snakes? ›

They are omnivores and eat almost anything they can find. This includes smaller animals such as rodents, rabbits, lizards, snakes, and amphibians. It also includes plant matter such as berries, nuts and seeds. With such a broad diet red foxes are sure to find something to eat in almost any environment.

Will a fox eat a dead cat? ›

Yes, it has been mentioned by several vets that foxes find roadkill and may drag the cat back to their den or be opportunists and eat parts of the dead cat.

Do foxes fight cats? ›

Cats and foxes will usually ignore each other. However, some cats are aggressive animals and will go for a fox, sometimes to drive it away from their garden or food bowl. Usually a fox will flee but if this is not practical and particularly if it is cornered, it may defend itself against the cat.

Do foxes bite? ›

Though they won't bite unprompted, foxes attack when they are rabid or protecting their young. Fox bites are painful and can get infected if they are not cleaned properly. Since the pests are known carriers of several diseases, including rabies, their bites also carry the threat of transmission.

Will a fox eat an egg? ›

Foxes. Foxes generally carry eggs away from nests. They may then eat them or they will cache (bury) them for consumption later. The whole egg is taken in the mouth, crushed and the contents eaten.

Do foxes like spicy food? ›

They favour strong smelling or super sweet foods like fish, chicken, meant, and vegetables. There are a lot of DIY ways to repel foxes from your garden through just smell alone, this just shows how strong there sense of smell really is. They hate the following, Garlic, Chilli Peppers and Capsaicin.

Will a fox eat tomatoes? ›

Foxes love vegetables like frozen vegetables, cherry tomatoes, and they would eat them all through the day.

What do foxes like? ›

Virtually anything. Being carnivores, they like cooked or raw meat and tinned pet food. Foxes also like other savoury items such as cheese, table scraps, bread soaked in fat, fruit and cooked vegetables. However, be aware that anything you put out for foxes could equally be taken by dogs, cats and other wildlife.

What does a fox eat for kids? ›

Although rabbits, mice, and other rodents are their favorite meals, red foxes will eat birds, frogs, snakes, grasshoppers, and even berries. An extra-hungry red fox will also jump into an open garbage can for tasty leftovers or nibble on food that's been left out on the porch for someone's pet.

Do foxes eat ants? ›

Foxes love to eat meat, and their favourite food is protein-based items. Foxes will hunt and love to feed on small rodents, birds, and insects. Foxes love to consume insects as well, and insects make up a large portion of a fox's diet.

Do fox eat apples? ›

Foxes like fruit and will eat most seasonal fruit, they seem to be especially fond of apples.

What fruit do foxes eat? ›

Foxes will eat both wild and cultivated fruits (in some instances vegetables and crops, such as corn and barley, too) and those most commonly consumed include blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, cherries, persimmons, mulberries, apples, plums, grapes, dates, figs and even acorns.

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